Culture and History

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  • From Mess to Miracle

Description: Regenerated from a garbage landfill to a green area, Kaohsiung Metropolitan Park has become an ecological and multi-functional metropolitan park that has improved the environment quality and fulfills a variety of other functions such as ecological conservation, environmental education, disaster prevention and as a buffer zone.

 

Black-crowned heron and human visitor
Black-crowned heron and human visitor

 

  • West Cingpu farm

Description: Taiwan Sugar Corporation’s (Taisugar) West Cingpu Farm: until 1991, this area served as farm fields for Taisugar, with sugar cane being its main crop.

 

West Cingpu Farm
West Cingpu Farm
 
This 1990 aerial photograph shows the large sugarcane fields and garbage dumps
This 1990 aerial photograph shows  the large sugarcane 
fields and garbage dumps 

 

  • Sanitary landfills

Description: From 1977 onward, Kaohsiung City dumped its garbage on the low-lying lands along Cingpu Creek near Cingpu Farm. In the initial phase  itemployed a layering technique to fill the land. From 1980 to 1984  it used the sandwiching method for land filling. From 1983 Taisugar rented over 20 hectares of land from Taisugar to fill up the low-lying lands and started planning the construction of a sanitary landfill. From 1985 onward, it disposed of garbage using the sanitary landfill method. After 20 years the landfill closed on 29 June 1999, having accumulated and buried as much as 9 million tons of waste.

 

This 1995 aerial image shows the layered landfilling of Phase Two of the park
This 1995 aerial image shows the layered landfilling
of Phase Two of the park

 

  • From “Not In My Back Yard” to “What A Great Back Yard”

Description: The construction of this park took more than 20 years(from 14 April 1989 to to 19 April 2009)  afterthe Executive Yuan approved the “Kaohsiung Metropolitan Park Development Plan" Despite its long-haul construction, it is undoubtedly a  striking sample of turning a ‘wasteland’ into a ‘graceland’.

  

2011 aerial photo From Not In My Back Yard to What A Great Back Yard
2011 aerial photo: From "Not In My Back Yard" to  
"What A Great Back Yard"
The Big Meadow a great place to unwind
The Big Meadow, a great place to unwind
 

 

  • Construction of Phase I of the park

Description: In June1991 the Construction and Planning Agency designated this area as a park zone and developed it in two phases. Phase I of the park started on 15 December 1991 and the construction and plantation lasted until the opening on 17 April 1996.

 

Forest scene in the ecological green area
Forest scene in the ecological green area

 

  • Construction of Phase II of the park

Description: From June 1999, Phase II of the park was no longer used as Kaohsiung’s sanitary landfill. The following year the development work began: adding layers of soil, laying the pipelines for the biomass power station, laying impermeable cloth, preparing the soil and leveling the land, planting grass, growing seedlings and saplings, as well as building trails, gazebos and other facilities, and spreading the concept of a ‘growing park’. Almost ten years after the landfill closed, it opened again to the public, on 19 April 2009, as a restored green land, the country’s first example of a revitalized and transformed landfill.

 

1997 aerial photo of the east side of Phase II of the park
1997 aerial photo of the east side
of Phase II of the park
The green landscape of Phase II of the park in 2008
The green landscape of Phase II
of the park in 2008

  

  • Using the landfill’s biogas

Introduction: Decomposition processes in the landfill produce methane, causing air pollution and fire hazards. Therefore one can now see facilities to collect the methane from the landfill’s soil. In addition impermeable cloth sealing the earth prevents the biogas from reaching the surface and dissipating into the air, thus greatly enhancing the biogas’s collection and processing. This way each year, 19 million cubic meters of gas can be captured and processed, equivalent to reducing deforestation by 15,000 hectares. This biogas power generation process has a peak capacity of 5,000 kilowatts, enough to power 7,000 households. 

 

Cross-section of biogas collection from landfill
Cross-section of biogas collection from landfill
The biogas power plant reduces air pollution and generates electricity
The biogas power plant reduces
air pollution and generates electricity

 

  • Public protests and incidents

Description: In 1990-1991 and 1995-1996, two massive public protests took place. During the First Waste War, the ‘ Ciaotou Township Environmental Self-Help Committee’, set up in December 1990 by residents of Ciaotou Township and Nanzih District, started a protest on 1 January 1991 that lasted for 13 days. Through negotiations, an agreement was reached that the landfill could be used for five more years. In June 1991 The Construction and Planning Bureau designated the land as park land. During the Second Waste War, the ‘Anti-Cingpu Self-Help Association’, formed by residents of Cuiping Village in Nanzih District in December 1995, surrounded the landfill site on 1 January 1996. The protest only subsided on 12 February 1996 when the Kaohsiung City Government formally agreed to review the case. Moreover agreement was reached that the landfill’s use would be extended one more time until 30 June 1999.

 

The landfill operations in 1996
The landfill operations in 1996

 

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